Art Nouveau is a style of decorative art, architecture, and design prominent in western Europe and the USA from about 1890 until the First World War and characterized by intricate linear designs and flowing curves based on natural forms.
The Kiss by Gustav Klimt was definitely the most interesting piece of work from the Art Nouveau movement as it contains interesting decal on the outfits, along with the hair, to make it stand out against the dreary background.
Screen printing is a printing technique whereby a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil. This method was used by Andy Warhol, a famous artist that uses this technique to create a mass amount of his work; he was the main influence in which I wanted to test this method due to his Beatles and John Lennon work.
To start off, I got a simple image of John Lennon and began to draw a simplified version to make it easier on myself when I go into the screen-printing process of
Wes Wilson (born July 15, 1937) is an American artist and one of the leading designers of Psychedelic posters. Wilson is best known for designing posters for Bill Graham of The Fillmore in San Francisco; his work has now became synonymous with the peace movement, the summer of love and the 1960’s. In particular, Wilson is known for popularising a “psychedelic” font in 1966 which makes the letters appear as if they are moving — you can see example of this font being used on the “Rubber Soul” album by The Beatles, showing the band slowly moving from their ‘good boy’ image to a much more gritty, psychedelic rock band that they are well-known for today.
Though Wilson helped the “psychedelic movement” progress, he was heavily influenced by the Art Nouveau movement, which you can see when you compare his work to that from the Art Nouveau movement. Alfred Roller was one of his influences (you can see this when you compare Wes Wilson’s lettering to that of his own) as his lettering was very rectangular in form and therefore ideally suited for Wilson. He would use this free-moving typography to fill up space, wrapping around the character, or object, of his choosing; It is a very effective use of Roller’s rectangular text, that has now became Wilson’s trademark.
Wilson’s work was what paved the way in which my FMP was going: originally I was going to re-imagine famous statues as musical artists that have influenced me, but when I came across Wilson’s work from pure chance, I decided to narrow down my already complex idea into a much more simpler one that thoroughly caught my interest and make me excited to continue with the project. Many ideas have flowed through my brain due to Wilson’s amazingly innovative work, itching to either replicate his interesting and unique typography style, or only get a taste of an idea.
Tate. 2018. Andy Warhol. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/andy-warhol-2121. [Accessed 13 March 2018].
Bohemian Weasel. 2018. The Art & Illustration of Soni Alcorn-Hender. [ONLINE] Available at: https://bohemianweasel.com/. [Accessed 19 March 2018]
Wes Wilson. 2018. The Psychedelic Poster Art of Wes Wilson, by Colin Brignall. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.wes-wilson.com/the-psychedelic-poster-art-of-wes-wilson-by-colin-brignall.html. [Accessed 16 April 2018].
INCREDIBLE FILLMORE and AVALON COLLECTION!. 2018. INCREDIBLE FILLMORE and AVALON COLLECTION!. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.olsenart.com/poster.html. [Accessed 16 April 2018].
Open Culture. 2018. Artist Draws Nine Portraits on LSD During 1950s Research Experiment | Open Culture. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.openculture.com/2013/10/artist-draws-nine-portraits-on-lsd-during-1950s-research-experiment.html. [Accessed 23 April 2018].
Transpersonal Spirit. 2018. Psychedelic Poster Art: Victor Moscoso. [ONLINE] Available at: https://transpersonalspirit.wordpress.com/2012/11/10/psychedelic-poster-art-victor-moscoso/. [Accessed 1 May 2018].
Kyle Pero. 2018. Create a 60’s Psychedelic Style Concert Poster. [ONLINE] Available at: https://design.tutsplus.com/tutorials/create-a-60s-psychedelic-style-concert-poster–psd-183. [Accessed 22 May 2018].
Vocabulary.com. 2018. Vocabulary.com. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/icon. [Accessed 4 June 2018].
Sturges, F.S, 1997. The Acid Test. Independant On Sunday, 20 July 1997. 50-51 p.g.
Martin, S., 2016. Futurism. 1st ed. London: Taschen.
Grunenburg, C., 2005. Summer of Love: Art of the Psychedelic era. 2nd ed. Liverpool: Tate Publishing.
Stephens, C., 2004. Art & the 60’s: This Was Tomorrow. 3rd ed. Liverpool: Tate Publishing
Surhone, L., 2010. Painting The Century. 5th ed. Germany: VDM Publishing.
Unknown, (1964), Young Paul McCartney In Suit and Tie [ONLINE]. Available at: https://imgix.ranker.com/user_node_img/50040/1000795779/original/young-paul-mccartney-in-suit-and-tie-photo-u1?w=650&q=50&fm=jpg&fit=crop&crop=faces [Accessed 16 April 2018].
Unknown, (2018), Imagine (John Lennon song) [ONLINE]. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imagine_(John_Lennon_song) [Accessed 22 March 2018].
Unknown, (2018), Van de Zandt’s ‘BLUE: The Songs of Joni Mitchell’ at Hayes Theatre Co., Sydney[ONLINE]. Available at: http://www.blouinartinfo.com/news/story/2420319/van-de-zandts-blue-the-songs-of-joni-mitchell-at-hayes [Accessed 22 May 2018].
(Link to website: https://bohemianweasel.com/)
Soni Alcorn-Hender (also known as Bohemian Weasel) is a talented English-born artist whose work has been shown in solo exhibitions, along with also having done illustration work for Portuguese children books. What Hender is most well-known for are her sought after sketch cards, depicting everything from mythology, to the popular fantasy novel that is Lord of the Rings. Her sketch cards have ever been featured in a Lord of the Rings collection by the famous TOPPS.
What I particularly enjoy about Hender’s work is the multiple genres she includes within her art-work. The sketch cards (which are mentioned in the previous paragraph) are definietly some of my favourites of Hender’s as not only is fantasy a big love of mine, but I also enjoy mythology and the different tales that are told within different cultures. As I want to combine both music and mythology together, using Hender’s work as inspiration is definitely a step I could take; it would be better than using the normal convention of pop-art and opt for something a bit more…old-fashioned.
Another thing I love about Hender’s art Is the way she colours her work — when shading is needed to be added to show depth, it is very minimal and looks very natural — I especially love the way she added shading on her early work as she decided to forgo shading and just play with different tones of the same pigment on a specific section of the artwork to replicate depth.
The sketch cards remind you of the tarot cards that would’ve been used by mystical gypsies in the olden times — telling your future with a simple reading of cards. Looking at tarot cards and then Hender’s own rendition, it would seem interesting to include this style within my own work; when drawing a mythical god as a tarot card (maybe copying the basic shape of the sign) I could have a influential muscian on the body of the god/goddess instead of a Odin or Zeus.
Tuesday 13th March 2018
Today we began to create our concept art boards that contain images from the Liverpool primary research trip to help shape the idea of what I could possibly do for my FMP.
Sunday 18th March 2018
On Sunday, I was researching psychedelic art and how it could influence the look of my FMP as most of the musical artists I have selected are from the 60’s — a time in which psychedelic art and music began to become more prevalent. Some of the artists I have found were definitely interesting and a type of style I would like to bring forward in my project, even if I only use it slightly.
Wes Wilson (one of the artists that began the ‘Psychedelic Art’ movement) has very eye-catching art due to the unique way he uses word and font — styling them in such a way that it creates an image. A particular favourite piece of work from Wilson in which he used words to create an image, was a piece of art called The Art of Rock in which Wilson uses typography to make it appear as if the woman has a flame for hair — very effective for what he is trying to get across (that punk music is the new rock n roll). This type of style is something I would like to incorporate into my project, as a stated in the first paragraph, even if it is just experimentation.
What I want to do tomorrow – it is a college day so I will be able to do pratical work – is begin testing the ‘silkscreen’ printing technique that Andy Warhol uses to create his pieces of work. Keeping within his ‘celebrity’ model style, I decided to draw a picture of John Lennon, ready for when I begin printing tomorrow. As I have no understanding of how this method of printing is performed, I will ask Eve for her expertise on how I could execute this style; maybe I will use this method for my FMP
Monday 19th March 2018
Today I decided to do some extra secondary research on Soni Alcorn-Hender and Wes Wilson to get a better understanding of how they create their work.
Tuesday 20th March
Today I have done a lot of productive work, giving me a clearer idea of what my theme may be and what I could include within my FMP final piece.
The first thing I did the morning of lesson was label all my secondary research as I forgot to do that the previous day. This did take quite some time as I had to try and find the sources in which I found the images originally, but as I did not write down the website link (which I should’ve done and added to my bibliography)
Wednesday 21st March 2018
I continued with the creation of my Wes Wilson inspired ‘psychedelic’ poster that contains magazine clippings from various music magazines that were around the art classroom. Though Wilson typically uses the same style throughout his posters, I thought I would add my own twist to his very unique style: instead of doing a character in the middle of the poster, I decided to add magazine clippings of musical artists that have inspired me. If you look at the specific artists I have selected, majority were from the 1960’s — the era in which psychedelic rock and psychedelic posters were thriving; it links perfectly with Wilson’s style.
I did have problems when I was creating this Wes Wilson inspired poster as I realised I made some spelling mistakes during the process. How I could’ve avoided this problem was to make sure I was writing every letter correctly.
Alongside finishing off my psychedelic inspired poster, I began creating my ‘Andy Warhol’ technique board to show how his artwork influenced me to replicate his style. It is only in the beginning stages as Wednesday is a short college day, but I decided to photocopy one of my silkscreen prints and put it in different colours; green, blue, yellow, red and black and white just to see how it would look. Why I did this was to replicate Warhol’s own style as he normally does four prints of the same images, the colours different from one another.
To continue with silkscreen (a technique I have came to love) I printed off pictures of peoples who were thriving in 1960 — to keep in with my psychedelic theme — so I can draw the idol easier than copying off my phone or tv screen. Why I will draw Mick Jagger, Paul McCartney and David Bowie is so when I go into college on Monday I can photocopy my drawing(s) (as I did with my John Lennon sketch) so I can create my stencil ready for the silkscreen printing.
What I will do tomorrow is continuing researching for psychedelic inspired artists that could help narrow the direction of where my project is going. Though it is still the early stages of the project, it is still great to have some sort of idea that you could possibly do for the FMP.
Monday 26th March 2018
Today I decided to replicate the famous oil painting called The Kiss by Gustav Klint and replace the characters with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. Art Nouveau links nicely with the psychedelic style as some paintings that belong to the Art Nouveau movement use very vibrant, eye-catching colours. Specifically in this painting, Klint uses pattern to draw the audience’s eye — the shapes never looking the same and randomly place. This is definitely much more interesting to look at than a painting that uses plain colours and simple outlines.
Tomorrow I want to begin colouring in my line sketch with oil pastel, as Klimt has done, to continue replicating his style. Though oil pastel is not something I want to use in my FMP, it is still great to practice with different mediums so you can be certain.
Tuesday 27th March 2018
Today I decided to finish off my art boards of Andy Warhol and Wes Wilson, adding additional information about why their work inspired me and how I could incorporate it into my own project.
Friday 13th April 2018
Today I decided to continue with my artist research to find artists that psychedelic style that I want to include within my own work. I found an artist by the name of Alton Kelley, who like Wes Wilson, was one of the big names to help popularise the psychedelic theme that was prevalent during the 1960’s. His art is more focused on illustration than it was typography – something that definitely caught my interest has I prefer that over the dominating nature of Wilson’s typography that takes your eye away from the main illustration.
On Monday, I am going to continue researching the artist as his work is definitely something I want to include in my FMP – so I will get more pictures of his work and begin thinking about what I will do on Tuesday to replicate his style. I was also begin the colouring of my Klimt Gustav inspired drawing.
Monday 16th April 2018
Today, as we are not meant to be in college due to teacher training day, I decided to come in and continue with my writing work as I didn’t have the opportunity to on the holidays as I did not have any time to do it on the holidays. This will give me the opportunity to research additional information on artists I am particularly interested in and want to pursue further in my FMP – maybe even find some new psychedelic artists or Art Nouveau artists and finish off writing work that needs to be completed before I can progress.
I researched more on Alton Kelley and found out about his connections to musical artists of the 1960’s and Wes Wilson – an artist I have came to enjoy thoroughly. I have also added my SMART Targets to wordpress and will be ready to add them to the lip on Wednesday.
I have also started my Wes Wilson poster, talking about how I came about doing this and how he influenced me to create this piece. I will also be talking about the problem I face – which was a lot – and how I may include this aspect of psychedelic art within my final piece as it is something I very much enjoy.
Tomorrow, I will begin the colouring of my ‘The Kiss’ inspired drawing with oil pastel in the way Gustav did instead of today as I just want to focus on my writing work.
Tuesday 17th April 2018
Though yesterday I said I was going to begin colouring in my “The Kiss” inspired drawing, that has unfortunately been cancelled as Eve said it does not relate to my common theme ‘Psychedelia’. Though I understand where she is coming from as they are quite different to one another, but from each source I have read about the history of a bunch of ‘psychedelic’ artists that were actually inspired by the ‘Art Nouveau’ movement.
Monday 23rd April 2018
Today, I printed off the pictures of my personal trip to Manchester City centre, as I did not have the opportunity to go to Yorkshire with majority of the class, and began placing them artistically on the 2nd Concept Art Board for my FMP. The pictures I selected all have a common theme: Psychedelic Art and Pop-Art.
If you look through my Art boards, you can see that the running theme for my projects is music or pop-art and only recently, psychedelia.
Thursday 26th April 2018
Today I researched what an icon was to help with my theme as one of the main triggers for my project was “Iconic Artists”, meaning my musical influences. All the artists I selected are well-known and have been known internationally as the people who ‘created’ music.
What I am going to do tomorrow is finish off my art boards with evaluation and reflections to show my development as a creative. In addition to – if I have time, that is – is to begin researching different techniques that I could include within my project and could link to my broad theme of “psychedelic art” and “classical” art.
Friday 27th April 2018
I have printed off my evaluations and am now ready for my second stage of experimentation work. What I am going to experiment with on Monday is a new technique Eve has learn which makes latex bubble and create a very interesting, almost psychedelic, pattern on the paper. This will be a good technique for me as it links directly with the interesting aesthetic that psychedelia holds — unique patterns and intricately made designs.
If I cannot do this technique, I will practice with photoshop work as I am quite adept with this software so I will be able to quickly produce a sifferrnt series of work.
Monday 30th April 2018
Today I decided to spend my time writing my first draft of my proposal for art. Though not a difficult task, I wanted to make sure my first draft was as good as I could make it so limited editing needed to be made.
Tomorrow I will do more photoshop editing work to replicate the psychedelic style that I am aiming for in my project. Performing this task will be simple as I have two years of experience with the software. I hope to produce very unique and vividly coloured pieces of work that are a nice homage to Victor Moscoso’s own psychedelic posters.
Tuesday 1st May 2018
I have spent the day looking for more psychedelic artists that were around during the 60’s. I came across an artist called Victor Moscoso who uses photographic montage in his psychedelic rock posters. This type of style was the most interesting to me as I thought about adding photography to my work. Seeing a psychedelic artist do a style I have thought about using myself was a good indication about how I could go about it.
Tomorrow I will begin drawing several layouts of how my posters could look and will do my own personal trip to the Manchester city centre to look at the different musical posters around the Northern Quarter.
Tuesday 8th May 2018
Today I sent an email to the PR company, Murray Chalmers PR, who represent the Stockport band “Blossoms”, asking them about a possible collaboration for one of my posters. This would be a very interesting way to develop my work and it would give me experience of what it would be like to work in the creative industry.
Tuesday 15th May 2018
Today I began stencilling my chosen classical icon ready for screen-printing later on in the day. This would be an interesting way to combine pop-art, psychedelia and classical archaeology.
Wednesday 16th May 2018
Today I finally applied the final part for my screen-print. I decided to make this final part the darkest pigment as if I made the first stencil the purple, when I went to apply the yellow or pink it will not be able to overpower the pigmented shade of purple. The same problem that happened yesterday, me and Eve could not measure where this third stencil will be placed without it being so out of place.
However — much to my adamant — we decided to forgo trying to make it as perfect and decided to measure the paper to match it with the paper beneath.
Though I wanted to try and get one picture atleast perfect, having the prints look aesthetically pleasing.
Thursday 17th May 2018
Today I decided to come into college and get tracing paper — because I forgot to bring some home from yesterday — but decided to stay and do some catching up on my blog.
Monday 21st May 2018
Today I drew a merged image of Joni Mitchell and the figure of Venus (which I got from the primary research trip), connecting pop-art, classical, 60s and psychedelia. This was my original idea when I started the FMP, wanting to combine the Ancient worlds with my passion of 60’s and psychedelia.
I will be ready to stencil out my drawing tomorrow for screenprinting.
Our college has been invited to attend an event that will not only broadcast our work that we did with Sophie Mohan (an artist who uses code manipulation to create her work), in which we painted images uses a different range of items; a sponge, pipe-cleaners, a bath mat — anything could be uses to create out piece of art. It was to engage our creativity to make a scene in a mood we are feeling — Sophie told us to think about something that we read in the news and to paint it. I thought about the shooting that recently happened in America and how it began the debate about gun control.
But while we are going to be there, some artists will also be present which could help with the production of my project.
Thompson is an artist that uses her unconventional relationship with her dad to help create her work. she also grapples with various influences or barriers and understands them to help impact her identity as a British Black Woman.
Tuesday 13th March 2018
1. When creating my concept art board, I accidentally left some blank spaces when I was sticking down the primary sketches/pictures. It makes the board look unprofessional and messy — I want to change this look
Remake a new concept art board with better placement of photos and mind-maps with better description of ideas. I can copy the mind-maps that I have written down as they have good communication of ideas.
2. Keep getting charcoal on my hand when drawing my art piece, smudging the charcoal and causing unwanted marks to be formed
Use a piece of paper and put it beneath my hand to prevent smudging of the charcoal
Spray the art piece with hairspray to stop the charcoal from smudging on the paper as it fixes the charcoal onto the paper
As it will be easier, and I have not yet finished my piece, I am going to use a small piece of tissue to rest under my hand as I create my charcoal piece.
3. This did prevent the smudging of charcoal on my piece and it also made drawing easier as I was only able to focus on one section and stopped me from drawing different sections of the character.
When using felt-tips, the black and yellow bleed and blend together, causing the yellow to be tinted in a light shade of black which takes away from the pop-art-esque vibrant colour.
1. I could wait for one of the felt-tips to dry before I add the main base/border to prevent both of the colours blend together. This will be time consuming and may make the creation of this piece much longer than needed
2. I could ignore these colours blending together and continue with colouring
I decided, though part of me was cringing inside, was to let both the yellow and the black blend together to create a strange new tone that resembled a dark yellow. Though after the image had dried, it didn’t look as bad and the yellow slowly turned to its original vibrant yellow.
Monday 19th March 2018
1. When beginning my photoshop piece, I used the pen tool on the layer in which the picture was on. This caused a lot of problem as when I tried to add the skin tone for my John Lennon, it didn’t stay within the pen line. I only saw that this happened after I spent 20 minutes tracing the outline of of my drawing.
To resolve this problem I should’ve checked and made sure that another layer was selected before I decided to use the pen tool to trace my drawing. This would’ve saved me time and give me an opportunity to move onto other experimentation work.
Lauren gave me some advice on how I could make this easier by using layer mask — this technique is just the use of black and white and acts almost as a brush and eraser.
I decided to forgo both of the ideas I have, deciding to go for the much simpler option (though not as simple as I had to use a mouse instead of a graphics tablet) and just colour it in normally which proved to be successful
As this was my first time doing the silkscreen printing technique, I was definitely going to come across some problems — it will definitely happen for a new technique that you have just recently discovered.
1. When cutting out my stencil, I didn’t make the line thick enough so the paint wouldn’t be able leak through the gap. I will have to cut it larger so the pink ink will be able to transfer through the space.
2. I kept holding the slider flat, pushing the acrylic paint under the stencil and destroying the image. I will need to continue to practice with this technique more so I will be able to do this technique properly without mistake.
Tuesday 20th March 2018
1. Similar to the problem that happened yesterday, I kept holding the slider flat, making the acrylic paint leak under the stencil and destroying the silkscreen print. It is quite hard to put my head around this as it is my first time testing around with a technique like this — you need someone to hold the screen down while someone uses the slider to make the acrylic paint
Get someone to hold the board while I slide the paint through the screen, making sure to hold the slider at an angle
1. When doing my psychedelic poster, when I was writing out the different names of the artists that have influenced me I sometimes do some of the letters quite small, making it hard to understand what the word is trying to say. I will rub out the words that you cannot see properly and draw them again to make them bold and easily evident what the word is trying to make out.
Wednesday 21st March 2018
When I was writing the names, I accidentally wrote John Lennon’s name incorrect — only adding two N’s instead of three. Though not a big problem, it does wreck the aesthetic of the poster and destroys the immersion that Wes Wilson brings to his work.
I cannot change my mistake as when I wrote out the name I straight away traced the outline in black sharpie as a habit as I was on a role with tracing/colouring. So this is a mistake I cannot change, though it did help with the future when I was writing the other artists name
Tuesday 17th April 2018
I have added too many images on my ‘Wes Wilson’ concept board — majority of it being taken up by my experimentation work. Though it doesn’t look bad, I cannot include all the information I wanted to
Use assetate for the trigger word mind-maps but inverting it so my writing it the only part that can be seen. I did this because my writing is so thin and cursive that if we decided to just leave it in-inverted, you wouldn’t be able to see my writing clearly.
Tuesday 1st May 2018
When I was trying to find an image to edit on photoshop, I couldn’t find a decent sized black and white image of my chosen icon. Why it needs to be black and white so when I add the different shades of colour, it won’t mix with the colour on the image. When it is black and white, because it is monochrome, it will change the black and white to the colour I decide to use.
When it came to editing, I had a lot of problems on which colours to select to create that psychedelic-esque style that I am aiming for. To battle this problem, I will test with different colours to see which shade of pigment will give me the results I want.
The colour that was best suited for my idealistic view of what psychedelic is was orange. When I put on the ‘difference’ filter it makes the black and white image of Buddy Holly, Elvis and David Bowie change when a a base colour is added on-top of it. The way it changes the monochrome of the images into a psychedelic
Tuesday 8th May 2018
Like last week, I decided to practice with changing images into a psychedelic-esque version of the original. This time, instead of using musical icons, I opted to using classical icons from my primary research trip in Liverpool. Just like last-week (unfortunately) I have also came across very similar problems
1. The pop-art styled classical icon does not transfer well when place into photoshop — the yellow translating very poorly with the filters are placed on-top of it with a base colour. I have tried several different shades that I used when creating my musical inspired icons, but they simply do not blend with the bold yellow, pink and blue.
I could try using a different primary image, seeing if the results I get from this experimentation will give me the results I want.
Maybe I could use darker tones of colour to try and
Monday 14th May 2018
In an attempt to progress with my idea, I decided to try and alter one of the classical statues into an icon from the 60’s. Though a straight forwards task, it has been pretty difficult changing the position of the classical statues
Tuesday 15th May 2018
When I was cutting out my stencil, I realised I needed to leave some room so the face will still be attached to the actual stencil.
1. As the face has actually fallen off, the only way I can combine both the hair and the face is by adding masking tape to not only strengthen the bond, but to conjoin them as they once were
2. Similar to the first solution, I can add glue to make the two parts attach; this will not only make the bond invisible and still have the two parts conjoined together to make up the second part of the screen-printing.
I decided to go with the first solution and add masking tape to the back of the
The acrylic paint leaked through the stencil, making it flood onto the paper and alter the aesthetic of the print.
1. I could wipe away the leaking acrylic paint and apply another layer of masking tape to strength the layers to prevent this mistake repeating itself.
2. When using the slider, make sure I am holding it at the right angle to prevent and over-saturating of paint to form at the specific part of the board, causing the same mistake to be creating and making the paint ruin the aesthetic of the print once again.
3. I could just halt the creative process and be satisfied with the prints I have.
I decided to go with the first — and most logical — solution by wiping away the offending paint and then applying another layer of masking tape to strengthen the bond and to prevent this mistake destroying anymore of my prints I decide to create with this stencil.
Wednesday 16th May 2018
The same problem that I had yesterday, me and Eve couldn’t place the print in the right spot, causing the print to be largely out of place and making the different layers being applied look displeasing.
Tuesday 22nd May 2018
Similar to what happen the two other times I attempted to screenprint, the stencils did not align, causing the image to be